Search Tag: mechanically ventilated patients

ICU Management

Indirect Calorimetry in Mechanically Ventilated Patients to Assess Nutritional Targets

2021 23 Nov

An overview of the physiological aspects of indirect calorimetry, its limitations in use, the available literature and future prospects for tailored nutrition. Introduction Medical nutrition therapy (MNT) is an essential part of patient care in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. Similar to mechanical ventilation and haemodynamic... Read more

ICU Management

Benefits of prone positioning for mechanically ventilated patients

2018 13 Jun

An article in the journal Anesthesiology describes the effects of prone positioning on oesophageal pressures in mechanically ventilated patients. In healthy patients during general anaesthesia, switching from the supine to the prone position was associated with an increase in end-expiratory transpulmonary (distending) pressure and lung volume,... Read more

ICU Management

Probiotics can help prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia

2017 01 Nov

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is still an important cause of morbidity and mortality in mechanically ventilated patients. A new analysis of 13 randomised controlled trials (RCTs), involving 1,969 patients, finds that probiotics are significantly associated with a decreased risk of VAP in mechanically ventilated patients. "It seems likely... Read more