Search Tag: early detection

IMAGING Management

EU Project Promotes Early Detection and Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer

2023 03 May

A three-year Pan-European project, known as the PRAISE-U project, aims to reduce morbidity and mortality caused by prostate cancer through smart early detection.   Prostate cancer is the leading and second leading cause of cancer death among men in northern and western Europe. Every year, an estimated 450,000 European men are diagnosed with prostate... Read more

ICU Management

The Challenge of Admitting a Very Old Patient with Sepsis to an Intensive Care Unit

2021 19 Apr

Sepsis incidence in very old patients is high and related mortality and morbidity are a major health concern. Frailty and severity of illness, not just age or sepsis diagnosis, are the determinant factors in outcome. Early identification and treatment are decisive in their survival. N owadays, we are facing some important facts: there has... Read more

ICU Management

Are 'sniffer systems' effective in detecting ARDS?

2018 11 Dec

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) results in substantial mortality but remains underdiagnosed in clinical practice. For this reason, automated “sniffer” systems that analyse electronic records have been developed to assist clinicians with ARDS diagnosis. However, a new systematic review found that these sniffer tools had moderate to high predictive... Read more

Health Management

What is the future of breast cancer screening?

2018 21 Aug

Αdvances in technology and the advent of precision medicine point to a move away from ‘one size fits all’ breast cancer screening. Breast cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cause of death from cancer in women worldwide and the second leading cause of death from cancer in women in developed countries (Ferlay et al. 2014a; 2014b). Breast... Read more

ICU Management

ATS 2017: Machine Learning May Help to Identify Sepsis Early

2017 24 May

Using electronic health records (EHRs) to identify patients in hospital at risk for sepsis is now possible using machine learning. Machine learning does not rely on rules, but is able to learn complex patterns in data without being programmed to do so. Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania Health System presented their study of a machine-learning... Read more

IMAGING Management

2016 17 Nov

I first became interested in early detection of breast cancer as a child when my aunt died of it at age 60 after initial diagnosis at age 40. Eight years later, my mother was diagnosed with it when I was in high school. She had nipple retraction. Her mammogram was normal and she had dense breasts. The surgeon had her admitted to the hospital, telling... Read more

ICU Management

Study: Modelling At-Risk Sepsis Patients in the ED

2016 26 Aug

A model using five parameters has sufficient sensitivity and an acceptable false positive rate to identify patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) with sepsis. A group, led by Samuel M. Brown, MD, of Intermountain Medical Center, Utah, developed a probabilistic model to identify septic patients presenting to the emergency department... Read more

IMAGING Management

DCIS Picked up in Screening, Fewer Invasive Cancers

2015 07 Dec

A new UK study shows that screening for and treatment of an early form of breast cancer — ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) — is effective in preventing subsequent invasive cancer. Results of the study led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) are published in The Lancet Oncology . Ongoing public debate about the harm caused by mammography screening... Read more

IMAGING Management

Adding Ultrasound to Breast Screening Improves Detection

2015 10 Nov

A large study in Japan finds improved rates of detection for breast cancer in women when ultrasound was added to standard mammography tests in breast screening. In addition to accurately detecting more cases of breast cancer, the combo method increased detection rate of early cancers, according to the results published in The Lancet . Early detection... Read more

Cardiology Management

Gold Nanoparticles Advance Early Detection of Heart Attacks

2015 20 Jan

In collaboration with Peking University, NYU Polytechnic School of Engineering professors have been working on a new test strip using gold nanoparticles generated by microplasma that demonstrates immense potential for the early detection of certain heart attacks. The novel method works by sensing a specific marker which is several thousand times higher... Read more