Search Tag: MV

ICU Management

Invasive Mechanical Ventilation and the Pulmonary Microbiota

2022 29 Aug

Healthy lungs are necessary to accomplish O 2 /CO 2 exchange between blood and external air. The pulmonary microbiota is critical for maintaining the functional balance of the lungs and is associated with the development and progression of respiratory diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis (CF), non-CF bronchiectasis,... Read more

ICU Management

Noninvasive Ventilation in Early Stage Mild ARDS

2019 06 Sep

A recent study assessed the ability of early noninvasive ventilation (NIV) intervention to decrease the need for invasive ventilation in patients with mild forms of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This method has already proved successful for acute respiratory failure patients but has not been tested in ARDS.   Use of NIV in ARDS patients... Read more

ICU Management

Mechanical Ventilation Effects on Neurocognitive Functions

2019 08 Aug

The hypothesis that mechanical ventilation (MV) can cause neurotoxicity in critically ill patients has long been debated. First reported in 1999, MV is thought to trigger chronic cognitive disorders. Brain damage induced by MV can be caused by alveolar stretching, abnormalities in PaO 2 /PaCO 2 , biotrauma and MV causing direct brain inflammation.... Read more

ICU Management

Mechanical ventilation journey continues - an expert look

2017 14 Sep

While mechanical ventilation is widely used and has improved greatly since first used in the 1950s, there is still room for improvement, according to a state-of-the-art review of mechanical ventilation, published in the September 2017 issue of Mayo Clinic Proceedings. Mechanical ventilation experts Tài Pham MD, Laurent Brochard and Arthur Slutsky from... Read more